August 30, 2010

Scott Walker's Ethics In Question WisDems Refer Motorcycle Ride Complaint to Milwaukee District Attorney (8/30/10)

 

Key Walker Crony Already Under Investigation


MADISON - The Democratic Party of Wisconsin on Monday referred a complaint over Scott Walker's corporate- and taxpayer-funded campaign trip to the Milwaukee County District Attorney's office.

Tim Russell, a top Walker crony and a key figure in the complaint, which originally was submitted to the Government Accountability Board (GAB) in July, is reportedly already under investigation by the district attorney.

The DPW complaint was referred to the district attorney after the state party was informed earlier this month by the GAB that most of the violations alleged are in the "sole purview" of local prosecutors.

The 6-day trip of Scott Walker was timed to coincide with the Republican state convention in Milwaukee, used tens of thousands of dollars in county resources and did not disclose the corporate dollars that doubled as campaign contributions.

"As investigators seek to learn about the activities of Scott Walker's cronies, it is an appropriate time for the public to learn about the coldly-calculating way Scott Walker has used his government office, and Milwaukee County tax dollars, in illegal schemes for his personal benefit," Democratic Party of Wisconsin Chair Mike Tate said Monday.

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BEFORE THE

WISCONSIN GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY BOARD

 

 

The Complaint:

MICHAEL TATE                       

 

Complainant,

v.

 

VERIFIED PETITION 

 

SCOTT WALKER and the Campaign Committee

FRIENDS OF SCOTT WALKER, General, Margaret Farrow, Treasurer    

Respondent.

_________________________________________________________________________________

 

The Complainant, Michael Tate (“the Complainant”), for this verified petition against Scott Walker and the Campaign Committee Friends of Scott Walker makes this petition pursuant to Wis. Stats. Sec. 11.60(5), and allege as follows:

 

             1.             Complainant, Michael Tate is a resident of the State of Wisconsin, a qualified elector who resides in Milwaukee.

 

2.            Upon information and belief Respondent, Scott Walker, is a resident of the State of Wisconsin, a qualified elector, and resides at 2334 North 73rd Street, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, 53213. Respondent, Friends of Scott Walker, is a registered Candidate Campaign Committee with both the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board and with the Milwaukee County Elections Commission.

BACKGROUND

3.            Every year since his first run for governor in 2003, Scott Walker has engaged in the "County Executive's Ride," to the major media markets around the state, a motorcycle tour comprising his political supporters with the ostensible purpose of promoting Milwaukee County tourism. Of course, Walker could go to the largest media market in the Midwest, in Chicago, if he really wanted to promote tourism, but no matter. In most of the previous years, including last year, the trip took place in late June, to coincide with Milwaukee's Summerfest. This year, however, Walker made the remarkable claim that the early Wisconsin summer was "too hot." See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit A.  In fact, he moved the timing of the trip to coincide exactly-not only with the date of the Republican Party’s state convention, but also to coincide with the site of the Republican convention, the Harley-Davidson Museum, where on May 21, the Republicans kicked off their annual convention. There, many of the same people who rode on the trip, who do not reside in Milwaukee County, could be seen as delegates at the convention.

 

FUNDING

4.            Upon information and belief, though his explanations shifted, Scott Walker made claims this year that the trip cost $2,800, and that AirTran paid a "promotional fee" for other expenses. See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit B which states this in the article. He did not present a budget for the trip and its costs to the Milwaukee County Board. He also claimed that he "opened the books,” to "a local newspaper," See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit C is the video of the Rhinelander interview, but there appears to be no published account of that scrutiny. Neither does there appear to be any record in the Milwaukee County Board of Supervisors' minutes regarding any public discussion of the costs of the trip. These included the use of county vehicles, the county public information officer who spent weeks promoting the trip to media outlets around the state (to dismal effect, it must be noted), the county information technology workers who created and maintained the elaborate Web site for the trip See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit D and the various county workers, including Housing Department Chief Tim Russell, who went on the trip.

 

5.            Upon information and belief, between May 15, 2010 and May 20, 2010, Scott Walker used his official office as Milwaukee County Executive to engage in a statewide promotion of his political campaign. See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit E, are examples of Respondents’ illegal activity which show that this trip, timed exactly to coincide with the state Republican convention, violated campaign finance rules for candidates for statewide office as well as the ethics rules for local officials.

 

6.            Two employees of the Democratic Party of Wisconsin witnessed the trip, where every single media contact Walker engaged in involved his race for governor. See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit F are the attached news clippings and See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit G and Exhibit H are the DPW employees affidavits of the trip, where he squired around executives of AirTran Airlines for his political benefit and without proper disclosure, where officials in his administration used county resources to promote AirTran See Ex. “C”, where top Republican officials and operatives with no interest in promoting Milwaukee County tourism convened with Walker, see Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit I. Also, attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit G and Exhibit H are affidavits from the two employees of the Democratic Party of Wisconsin that details these events.

 

AIRTRAN CONTROVERSY

7.            AirTran Airlines was a sponsor and chief beneficiary of the trip. It was not Milwaukee County logos-not even Summerfest or the Brewers-that lavished and marked every one of the three dozen stops on the tour. It was signs, flags and standards of AirTran that dominated every single venue where the Milwaukee County executive-cum-pitchman went. At every stop, a witness would see the remarkable sight of Tim Russell, a Milwaukee County department head, embarking from a Milwaukee County vehicle to plant AirTran Airlines flags around whatever parking lot where the motorcycle trip was arriving. See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit J is a video documenting the same. Tim Russell was seen forcing riders along the trip to don AirTran t-shirts (see Ex. G and Ex. H). A witness would see Scott Walker dressed head-to-toe not in Milwaukee County Parks paraphernalia, but AirTran clothing. See Ex “C”. Even though they were in the teeth of a labor action, executives from AirTran traveled with Walker on the first several days of the trip. Scott Walker's administration currently is negotiating lease terms with AirTran for gates at General Mitchell International Airport. Forget about the appearance of impropriety-how can the citizens of Milwaukee County be assured that Scott Walker is securing the best terms for a public asset from the very corporation he is promoting and which is, in turn promoting his gubernatorial campaign?

 

GUBERNATORIAL RACE-POLITICAL SUPPORTERS

8.            After a desperate and furious push for press attention, with minimal results, Scott Walker was nevertheless asked in every single media encounter about his gubernatorial race, with most reporters along the way acknowledging they would not have showed up BUT for the gubernatorial race (one reporter in Rhinelander put it thusly to our staff members: "People from Milwaukee County want to come here. What do we care about the Milwaukee County Executive and why would seeing him on a motorcycle make anyone want to go to Milwaukee?"). See Ex. “G” and Ex. “H”.  Beyond the questions about his campaign, it was clear that what small crowds DID show up when Walker rode in to town consisted of political supporters. "Good luck in your race," "I met you at the (Republican) Lincoln Day dinner...", "See you at the convention," were commonly reported See “”. How this intersects with Milwaukee County tourism boggles the mind. One Republican supporter presented Walker with a bag of Republican-themed books. Another supporter of GOP lieutenant governor candidate Dave Ross talked to Walker about what a good ticket-mate he would make at one stop. See Ex. “E”. And then there were the various elected officials who have endorsed Scott Walker's campaign (and who actually have voting histories that suggest hostility to Milwaukee County). These included legislators like Mike Huebsh, former state Sen. Dave Zien and state Rep. Jeffrey Mursau, a Crivitz legislator who has shown no previous interest in promoting Milwaukee County tourism, but who is active in Walker's gubernatorial campaign. State Sen. Sheila Harsdorf gave the lie of the trip when she spoke (on camera) praising the fact a group from Milwaukee would come up to promote the northwest part of the state. See Ex. “I”.

 

PARKS PROMOTION

9.            There was none. The modus operandi of the trip went like this: Outriders would arrive at the site, offload a few poster boards (sometimes they would not even do this), a Milwaukee County Parks banner and a plate made to commemorate an award given to a video made by the Milwaukee County Parks staff. These exhibits would oftentimes be well on the side of the road, out of view. Some of the riders from the trip sometimes would approach the exhibits, but there was no evidence that more than a handful of individuals over the course of the near-weeklong trip looked at the material. At most of the sites, the exhibit would go unnoticed, before it was packed back into the back of a county vehicle and shipped to the next site. Of course, it was the AirTran banners that were most prominent at each site, See Attached hereto and incorporated herein as Exhibit K.

 

 

TIM RUSSELL

10.            Tim Russell is a longtime Scott Walker campaign official who is also oftentimes on the county payroll, See Ex. “F”. Recently, he was promoted to run the county's housing department. However, for the week of this trip through the Republican convention, Russell was Scott Walker's footman, unfurling AirTran banners, guiding media appearances and serving as a gatekeeper to the various political supporters who sought an audience with Walker-both along the trip and at the Republican state convention, See Ex. “J”.

 

SOLICITATION FOR AND RECEIPT OF STATE RESOURCES FOR A POLITICAL PURPOSE BY SCOTT WALKER AND FRIENDS OF SCOTT WALKER

 

11. Paragraphs 1-10 above, inclusive, are restated and incorporated herein by reference.

 

12. Section 11.36(1), Wis. Stats., states in part as follows:  “No person may solicit or receive from any state . . . employee any contribution or service for any political purpose while the . .  employee is engaged in his or her . . . duties.”

 

USE OF STATE RESOURCES FOR A POLITICAL PURPOSE BY SCOTT WALKER AND FRIENDS OF SCOTT WALKER

 

13. Paragraphs 1-12 above, inclusive, are restated and incorporated herein by reference.

 

14. Section 11.24(1), Wis. Stats., states in part as follows:  “No person may, directly or indirectly, make any contribution other than from funds or property belonging to the contributor . . . . No person may intentionally accept or receive any contribution made in violation of this section.” 

 

15.                             Upon information and belief, received illegal political contribution of services belonging to the State of Wisconsin, in  violation of §11.24(1), Wis. Stats. 

 

CRIMINAL USE OF STATE RESOURCES FOR A POLITICAL PURPOSE BY SCOTT WALKER AND FRIENDS OF SCOTT WALKER

 

 

16. Paragraphs 1-15 above, inclusive, are restated and incorporated herein by reference.

 

17. Section 946.12(3), Wis. Stats., states in part as follows:  “Any . . . public employee who does any of the following is guilty of a Class I felony:

Whether by act of commission . . . in the employee’s capacity as such . . . employee exercises a discretionary power in a manner inconsistent with the duties of the . . . employee’s . . . employment or the rights of others . . . with the intent to obtain a dishonest advantage for the . . . employee or another.”

 

946.12(3), Wis. Stats

CRIMINAL & CIVIL PENALTIES

 

 

18 Paragraphs 1-191 above, inclusive, are restated and incorporated herein by reference.

 

19 Wis. Stats. Secs.11.60(1) & (3) entitled “Civil penalties” provides:

(1) Any person, including any committee or group, who violates this chapter may be required to forfeit not more than $500 for each violation.

 

(3) Notwithstanding http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.60%281%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.60%281%29sub. (1), any person, including any committee or group, who makes any contribution in violation of this chapter may be required to forfeit treble the amount of the contribution or portion thereof which is illegally contributed.

 

20 Wis. Stats. Secs.11.61(1)(a) & (c) entitled “Criminal penalties prosecution” provides:

(a)  Whoever intentionally violates http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.05%281%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.05%281%29s. 11.05 (1), http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.05%282%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.05%282%29(2), http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.05%282g%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.05%282g%29(2g) or http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.05%282r%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.05%282r%29(2r), http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.07%281%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.07%281%2911.07 (1) or http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.07%285%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.07%285%29(5), http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.10%281%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.10%281%2911.10 (1), http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.12%285%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.12%285%2911.12 (5), http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.23%286%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.23%286%2911.23 (6) or http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=19521039&hitsperheading=on&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.24%281%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.24%281%2911.24 (1) is guilty of a Class I felony.

 

(c) Whoever intentionally violates any provision of this chapter other than those provided in http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=49694120&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.61%281%29%28a%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.61%281%29%28a%29par. (a) and whoever intentionally violates any provision under http://folio.legis.state.wi.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=49694120&infobase=stats.nfo&jump=11.61%281%29%28b%29&softpage=Document - JUMPDEST_11.61%281%29%28b%29par. (b) where the intentional violation concerns a specific figure which does not exceed $100 in amount or value may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than 6 months or both.

 

WHEREFORE, Complainant respectfully requests that the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board take action against Respondents including fining the Respondent’s Campaign pursuant to Wis. Stats. Sec. 11.60(1) for the various violations. Require Respondents to pay to the Common School Fund all monies illegally obtained as discussed supra. Complainant also requests that the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board forward this petition to the District Attorney’s Office for criminal investigation pursuant to Wis. Stats. Secs. 11.61(1) (b) & (c) and for other such relief that is just and equitable.

 

Dated at Milwaukee, Wisconsin this ____ day of July 2010

 

 

       ________________________________

By Michael Tate

Complainant

 

VERIFICATION

 

STATE OF WISCONSIN )

) ss

MILWAUKEE COUNTY )

 

I, Michael Tate being first duly sworn, on oath, deposes and states that the foregoing verified complaint is true and correct based upon my personal knowledge except as to those matters therein stated upon information and belief and, as to those matters, she believes them to be true.

 

Dated at Milwaukee, Wisconsin this ____ day of July 2010.

 

__________________________________________

Michael Tate - Complainant

 

Subscribed and Sworn to before me this ______ day of July 2010.

 

 

_______________________________________

Notary Public, State of Wisconsin

My Commission expires_____________ or Is Permanent.

 

 

 

 

List of Exhibits:

 

Exhibit A:

Steve Schultze, Editorial, High-speed rail carries high costs, Walker says, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (Feb. 11th, 2010) http://www.jsonline.com/news/milwaukee/84198582.html

 

Exhibits B:

WKBT, CBS 8, Editorial, Democrats protest Scott Walker's bike tour around the state, (May 17th, 2010) http://www.wkbt.com/Global/story.asp?S=12497447

 

 

Exhibit C:

DPW Video, AirTran Promotion, (May 25th, 2010) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJH2Vu5ZBwo

 

Exhibit D:

Milwaukee County Website, CountyExecutivesRide.com,  http://countyexecutivesride.com

 

Exhibit E:

DPW video, Campaigning as County Executive, (May 25th, 2010) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jaFKuf-tews

 

Exhibit F:

Cara Spoto, Editorial, Stevens Point Journal: Walker makes pit stop in Plover, Stevens Points Journal (May 20th, 2010) http://www.stevenspointjournal.com/print/article/20100520/SPJ0101/5200484/Walker-makes-pit-stop-in-Plover

 

Exhibits G:

Affidavit of Graeme Zielinski, (July 13th, 2010) Included on Page 8. 

 

Exhibit H:

Affidavit of Michael Esser, (July 13th, 2010) Included on Page 10.

 

Exhibit I:

DPW video, Republican Supporters, (May 25th, 2010)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K8BU4mcE0Pk

 

Exhibit J:

DPW video, Tim Russell, (May 25th, 2010)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNir9pE7NcM

 

Exhibits K:

DPW video, Parks Promotion and County Cars, (May 25th, 2010)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o3QtAC0EYqw

 

 


Exhibit G:

GENERAL AFFIDAVIT

State of Wisconsin
County of ________________


BEFORE ME, the undersigned Notary, ___________________________________________________  [name of Notary before whom affidavit is sworn], on this _____13th________    ] day of _______July______  [month], 20_10__, personally appeared __________Graeme Zielinski___________  [name of affiant], known to me to be a credible person and of lawful age, who being by me first duly sworn, on ___his___  [his or her] oath, deposes and says:
___________________________________________________________
I am Graeme Zielinski and I am an employee of the Democratic Party of Wisconsin (DPW). From May 15, 2010, to May 20, 2010, I followed and observed the so-called “County Executives” Trip” of Scott Walker, a Republican candidate for governor. I was present at almost all of the 35 or so stops made by the trip in my capacity as communications director for the DPW. The trip traveled through all the major media markets in Wisconsin and I was able to observe closely as Scott Walker promoted himself and AirTran Airlines, though did little to no promotion of Milwaukee County or Milwaukee County tourism. Over the days of the trip, I came to hear or talk to riders with the trip, most of whom weren’t even from Milwaukee County. The riders included elected Republicans who have never voiced interest in Milwaukee County tourism andre in fact supporters of Walker’s bid for governor. Along the trip, I saw Milwaukee County resources marshalled to support Scott Walker’s media tour-though saw very little of use to Milwaukee County. At a typical tour stop, a vehicle with municipal plates would arrive early, along with support staff who would unfurl AirTran banners and flags. Among the people doing the unfurling was Tim Russell, a Milwaukee County department head. Then, the riders would arrive at the destination. Oftentimes, Republican officials would be on hand to greet Scott Walker. In every case there was a representative of the media, Walker was asked about his gubernatorial run. Very few members of the general public were an hand at any point in the trip. AirTran figured prominently throughout the trip and the morning of Sunday May 16, I saw Tim Russell in the parking lot of a Madison hotel forcing AirTran t-shirts on the tour’s riders. Scott Walker was dressed in AirTran paraphernelia throughout the ride, and was accompanied for several days on the trip by AirTran executives. I approached media throughout the trip in my work capacity, and virtually every member of the media to whom I spoke told me they were there not because of Scott Walker’s role as Milwaukee pitchman, but because he was running for governor. On May 22, in a public area near the Frontier Airlines Center, the site of the Republican Party of Wisconsin convention, I saw many of the riders from the tour entering the Republican convention.




[set forth affiant's statement of facts]
__________________________________
[signature of affiant]
____Graeme Zielinski___________
[typed name of affiant]
____1669 N Humboldt Ave #1______________
[address of affiant, line 1]
____Milwaukee, WI 53202__________
[address of affiant, line 2]
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this ______13th___________  [day of month] day of ______July________  [month], 20_10_.
 [Notary Seal:]

__________________________________
[signature of Notary]     
          
__________________________________
[typed name of Notary]
       NOTARY PUBLIC
       My commission expires: ________________, 20____.


Exhibit H:

 

GENERAL AFFIDAVIT

State of Wisconsin
County of ________________

BEFORE ME, the undersigned Notary, ___________________________________________________  [name of Notary before whom affidavit is sworn], on this _____13th_____  [day of month] day of _____July_______  [month], 20__10__, personally appeared _________Michael Esser_______  [name of affiant], known to me to be a credible person and of lawful age, who being by me first duly sworn, on __his___  [his or her] oath, deposes and says:

I, Michael Esser, as an employee to the Democratic Party of Wisconsin, bare witness to the fact that between the dates of may 15th - 21st, 2010, Scott Walker did, while operating under his title as Milwaukee County Executive, engage in Campaigning around the State of Wisconsin. I witnessed the county staff from Scott Walker’s office, out to send him off in the early morning of the 15th, fraternize with Walker’s Republican compatriots. I witnessed that, along the trip at various stops, Scott Walker chose to introduce AirTran Executives, instead of the 100 other riders that were with him, to the shop owners along the trip.  I witnessed Scott Walker habitually grab for his AirTran hat as soon as his motorcycle helmet came off.
I witnessed the County Executive of Milwaukee be propositioned by and receive over a dozen campaign supporters with their ideas for “Scott Walker’s Wisconsin.” I witnessed Scott Walker shake the hands of Campaign supporters that had come to witness his arrival and then coyly refuse to talk about his campaign issues with them. In this way he was able to meet countless new supporters in their home towns.I witnessed the media interview Scott Walker at all but a few tourist destinations where the County Executive’s Ride rolled up to. Each time that the media had an opportunity to ask Scott Walker about his ride, the media directed their questions toward the Governor’s Campaign, disregarding the any mention the County of Milwaukee.  
I witnessed the County Executive of Milwaukee Receive a gift bag of political books from a campaign supporter in Rice Lake.  I saw Scott Walker take those books and place them in his car his wife and road team were following in.
I witnessed Scott Walker tote around elected Republican Representatives from all corners of the state that were in no way interested in sending tourists to Milwaukee, and instead wanted to sally up to the favored GOP candidate..
I witnessed a member of the media in Rhinelander, WI state, “People from
Milwaukee County want to come here. What do we care about the Milwaukee County Executive
and why would seeing him on a motorcycle make anyone want to go to Milwaukee?"
I witnessed over and over again Scott Walker continue to press through a conversation in which the Campaign was the sole topic of interest. Scott Walker would deflect question after question while not removing himself from a conversation that he knew in itself constitutes a Campaign Violation.  
I witnessed Scott Walker make scant mention of the Brewers, Bucks and the airport before launching into long conversations about himself and the history of the ride. I witnessed a small handful of riders in Rockford, IL check out the small poster on which the Milwaukee County tourism was promoted.
I witnessed how the County Executive would use this small parks poster as a back drop for his photos, to prove he was using it, and then saunter off with local Republican leaders without even mentioning what the board is.
I witnessed the Milwaukee County Housing Director protect the image of Scott Walker and guide Scott walker through the Media Interviews. Tim Russell also prepared each site of the County Executive’s Ride for Scott Walker before he got there. It Was the same scene that I witnessed when I meandered through the Republican Convention at the Midwest Express Center and saw Tim Russell as a convention delegate with the Scott Walker for Governor sticker that he had been hiding all week.
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________

[set forth affiant's statement of facts]
__________________________________
[signature of affiant]
___Michael Esser___________
[typed name of affiant]
___W294 N7258 Tamron Ln___________________
[address of affiant, line 1]
___Hartland, WI 53029____________
[address of affiant, line 2]
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this ___13th________  [day of month] day of ____July_______  [month], 20_10_.
 [Notary Seal:]

__________________________________
[signature of Notary]     
          
__________________________________
[typed name of Notary]
       NOTARY PUBLIC
       My commission expires: ________________, 20____.